Drug rehabilitation

Drug Rehabilitation

Drug rehabilitation (often drug rehab or just rehab) is an umbrella term for the processes of medical and/or psycho-therapeutic treatment. For dependency on psychoactive substances. Such as alcohol, prescription drugs, and so-called street drugs such as cocaine, heroin or amphetamines. The general intent of drug rehabilitation is to enable the patient to cease substance abuse. In order to avoid the psychological, legal, financial, social, and physical consequences that can be caused, especially by extreme abuse

Penology

Rehabilitation means; To restore to useful life, as through therapy and education. To restore to good condition, operation, or capacity.

The assumption of rehabilitation is that people are not permanently criminal and that it is possible to restore a criminal to a useful life. To a life in which they contribute to themselves and to society. A goal of rehabilitation is to prevent habitual offending, also known as criminal recidivism. Rather than punishing the harm out of a criminal, rehabilitation would seek, by means of education or therapy. To bring a criminal into a more normal state of mind. Into an attitude which would be helpful to society, rather than be harmful to society.

This theory of punishment is based on the notion that punishment is to be inflicted on an offender. So as to reform him/her, or rehabilitate them so as to make their re-integration into society easier. Punishments that are in accordance with this theory are community service, probation orders. Any form of punishment which entails any form of guidance and aftercare towards the offender.

This theory is founded on the belief that one cannot inflict a severe punishment of imprisonment and expect the offender to be reformed and to be able to re-integrate into society upon his release. Although the importance of inflicting punishment on those persons who breach the law, so as to maintain social order, is retained, the importance of rehabilitation is also given priority. Humanitarians have, over the years, supported rehabilitation as an alternative, even for capital punishment.

Neuropsychology

Rehabilitation of sensory and cognitive function typically involves methods for retraining neural pathways or training new neural pathways to regain or improve neurocognitive functioning that has been diminished by disease or traumatic injury.

Three common neuropsychological problems treatable with rehabilitation are attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), concussion, and spinal cord injury.

Psychiatric

also known as psychosocial rehabilitation, and usually simplified to rehab is the process of restoration of community functioning and well-being of an individual who has a psychiatric disability (been diagnosed with a mental disorder). Rehabilitation work undertaken by psychiatrists, social workers and other mental health professionals (psychologists and social workers, for example) seeks to effect changes in a person's environment and in a person's ability to deal with their environment, so as to facilitate improvement in symptoms or personal distress. These services often "combine pharmacologic treatment, independent living and social skills training, psychological support to clients and their families, housing, vocational rehabilitation, social support and network enhancement, and access to leisure activities."[1] There is often a focus on challenging stigma and prejudice to enable social inclusion, on working collaboratively in order to empower clients, and sometimes on a goal of full psycho-social recovery.

See Wikipedia for full article 

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